• Boots or recognised walking shoes (not trainers)
  • Walking trousers - not jeans or other cotton trousers (See Note 1 below)
  • Base layer - for example Helly Hanson or Merino Wool sports tops (See Note 1 below)
  • Waterproof and windproof jacket
  • Waterproof over-trousers
  • Mid layer jumper/jacket such as a fleece which you can put on under your waterproof coat. Several thinner layers are better than one (See Note 2 below)
  • Spare layers
  • Hat and gloves (a spare set of each is useful)
  • Personal medication
  • Lunch and snacks for during the day – Chocolate bars (e.g. Mars, Snickers) can be eaten quickly and provide an energy boost. A minimum of 1L of water is recommended though some people need to drink more. Food stops are short but regular to prevent getting cold.
  • Fully charged phone in a waterproof bag
  • Rucksack to carry everything (35L is plenty for a day walk, 60-70L for an expedition)
  • Waterproof bags to wrap your clothing and equipment in. Do not rely on rucksack waterproof covers to keep anything dry!

Additional essentials for wilderness treks

  • ​​​Layering system as above but more of them!
  • Head torch and spare batteries
  • Hat and gloves (a spare set of each is useful)
  • A buff or balaclava
  • Gaiters - these keep snow from getting in your boots and can also spare your trousers from rips caused by sharp crampons and ice axes
  • Ski Goggles - double layered to prevent misting up
  • B2 Boots - B2 boots have a near fully stiffened mid-sole, higher ankle profile, thicker upper. Suitable for general winter walking. These boots are designed to take crampons with heel-clip bindings, but they can also use C1 crampons (See Note 5 below)
  • C1 or C2 Crampons (See Note 4 below)
  • A walking ice axe (not technical axes as these have a curved shaft). See Note 5 below

Essentials for winter walks

Useful but not essential

​Note 1 No cotton trousers or teeshirts. Cotton gets wet with sweat or rain, dries slowly and will chafe. It will absorb your body heat as it tries to dry out which will make you cold, uncomfortable and can lead to Hypothermia.

Note 2 We will be outside for much of the day so you will need to ensure you can keep warm and comfortable even in summer. On a hot day you will sweat while we are active and this can make you cold very fast if we stop for a break/lunch. It is widely recommended by outdoor enthusiasts and mountaineers that you wear more, thinner, layers than one big jumper. This layering approach allows you far greater regulation of body temperature. You can take layers off when active and put layers on when less active to keep the heat in.

Note 3 Essential in Scotland in summer – especially if you are staying at a campsite!

Note 4 Even in the height of summer it can get cold at night. We're not talking about bring a full change of wardrobe for each day. But extra fleeces to stay warm or a Down Jacket can be useful once the sun goes down. Socks, underwear and baselayers will dry overnight in your sleeping bag and are designed to keep you warm even if you are damp to begin with. If the forecast is for heavy continual rain it will be more important to ensure you have good over-trousers and waterproof jacket. 

Note 5 These can be hired by arrangement from specialist gear stores in Scotland, Snowdonia and the Lake District. We will provide links to nearby stores but it will be your responsibility to ensure that you have the right fit boots and this may mean meeting with the store the day beforehand.

​* Items with an asterisk are items which we can provide/provide advice about (e.g. expedition food) but it is essential to discuss what you may need beforehand with us. Please note there is an additional cost for providing food, tents, stoves, sleeping bags and roll mats (please see the Make a Booking page for details). We strongly recommend getting your own as these items are always useful. But we appreciate those visiting Britain from abroad may not be able to carry these items. We will bring a trowel, general first aid kit and bothy shelter.


In reality a lot will depend on the weather conditions on the day and the weather in Britain is notorious for being difficult to predict. We can hire out bits of kit apart from personal items. If you are new to the outdoors we’d recommend you don’t spend a fortune on new gear until you’ve been out with us so that we can suggest clothing/equipment that might work for you. If you have any questions please don't hesitate to get in touch. You can also download a pdf version of the gear list as a checklist pdf by clicking the green box below.

The mountains in winter can be absolutely wonderful with a blue sky and glistening in snow. They can also be intimidating in a white-out blizzard. We will provide basic winter skills training to anyone coming on winter walks on how to pack a rucksack for winter, move efficiently in snow, walk in crampons and use an ice axe. We can advise on hiking gear, mountaineering equipment and other useful outdoor gear.

  • Changes of clothing as required (see Note 4 below)
  • Head torch and spare batteries
  • Hat and gloves (a spare set of each is useful)
  • Gaiters 
  • Personal toiletries (including toilet roll)
  • * Expedition food for breakfast and evening meals/tea/coffee - Please see the FAQ page for more info
  • * Water purification tablets/solution
  • * Midge repellent/Midge hat
  • * Tent (you may be required to share a 2-person tent)
  • * Sleeping bag (and liner optional)
  • * Thermal roll-mat
  • * Mug and cutlery
  • * Stove, lighter, fuel and cooking utensils

Gear you'll need

All activities

  • Gaiters (useful for going through damp ground, heather/bracken or crossing streams)
  • Torch/Headtorch (just in case!)
  • Camera
  • Sunglasses and suncream (you just never know…)
  • Flask with a hot drink
  • Walking poles
  • Midge repellent/Midge hat (See Note 3 below)
  • Dry clothes/shoes to change into at the end of the walk (these can be left in your car in the boot)
  • Relevant map, compass and a proper map case (Essential for ML navigation refreshers)
  • Some money in case we pass a pub/tearoom